A rehab programme is a term for the processes of medical and/or psychological treatment for dependency on alcohol, prescription or illicit drugs and any other type of addiction. Rehab usually refers to a person being placed in a residential rehabilitation unit, but it can also refer to outpatient treatment, support groups and care centres. The general intent is to enable the client to end their compulsion, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that may be triggered.
Clients in rehab are encouraged to attend counselling sessions, and with the help of trained therapists, this will result in identifying the root of the initial problems and the underlying reasons for having developed an addiction. Psychological dependency is also addressed in many rehab programs by attempting to teach the user new methods of interacting in a drug-free environment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a widely used method in rehab that helps individuals to recognise, avoid and cope with situations in which they are most likely to relapse.
During rehab clients are encouraged or required not to associate with friends who still use the addictive substance. Many rehab centers work in conjunction with the 12 step process, which motivates individuals to examine and change habits related to their compulsive addiction.
Every kind of treatment should address all aspects of a patient's life: medical and mental health, as well as follow-up options, such as community of family based recovery support systems.